Kidney stones are hard deposits that form in the kidneys when there is an imbalance of substances that make up urine.
Common Causes and Risk Factors:
Inadequate fluid intake can lead to concentrated urine, increasing the risk of stone formation.
High intake of certain foods rich in oxalates (such as beets, nuts, chocolate) or animal proteins may contribute to stone formation.
Being overweight can increase the risk of kidney stones.
A family history of kidney stones may predispose an individual to develop them.
Certain Medical Conditions:
Conditions like gout, urinary tract infections, and certain metabolic disorders can increase the likelihood of stone formation. To get help with such conditions visit a Urologist in Islamabad.
Some medications, including certain diuretics and antacids, may contribute to the formation of kidney stones.
Structural abnormalities in the urinary tract can hinder the flow of urine and contribute to stone formation.
Symptoms of Kidney Stones:
Intense pain is a hallmark symptom, often originating in the back or side and radiating to the lower abdomen and groin. This is typically referred to as renal colic.
Blood in the urine, which can be visible or detected under a microscope.
The urge to urinate more frequently than usual, often accompanied by only small amounts of urine being passed.
Discomfort or pain during urination.
Cloudy or Foul-Smelling Urine:
Changes in the appearance or odor of urine.
Nausea and Vomiting:
Some people may experience nausea and vomiting, especially if the pain is severe.
Fever and Chills:
In cases of infection associated with kidney stones, fever and chills may occur.
It’s important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have kidney stones, especially if you experience severe pain or notice blood in your urine. Treatment options may include pain management, medications, lifestyle changes, or, in severe cases, procedures to remove or break up the stones. Refer to a Urologist in Lahore for guidance.